One of the provisions of Thailand’s Social Security Fund is to look after its members who have lost their jobs. Employees are entitled to unemployment benefits provided that they have contributed for not less than six months within 15 months before becoming unemployed.
Here’s what you need to know about the unemployment benefits from Social Security of Thailand:
Criteria and Conditions for Eligibility to claim Unemployment Benefits
- Contributions have been paid for 6 months within the 15 months prior to unemployment with the last employer or in the event that the insured is unemployed due to force majeure.
- The period of unemployment is 8 days or more.
- The insured must register for unemployment via the Internet (website: https://empui.doe.go.th) of the state employment office within 30 days from the date of resignation or termination. From the end of the employment contract, the insured will be entitled to compensation in case of unemployment from the 8th day of unemployment.
- The insured must report to the Employment Office at least once a month via the internet system (website: https://empui.doe.go.th).
- The insured must be ready to work and willing to do the job appropriately as provided.
- The insured must not refuse an internship.
- An unemployed person must not be terminated due to the following circumstances:
- Deliberate malpractice committed against an employer
- Deliberately causing damage to the employer
- Violation of regulations – regulations at work or lawful orders in severe cases
- Leaving duty for 7 consecutive working days without reasonable cause
- Negligence causes serious damage to the employer
- Sentenced to prison sentence
- Must not be a person entitled to compensation in the case of old age
The Compensation Benefits during Unemployment
The eligible claimant will receive the following unemployment benefits:
- In case of dismissal:
The insured will receive unemployment compensation for not more than 180 days per year at the rate of 50 percent of the average wage.
It is calculated from the minimum contribution base of 1,650 baht per month and the maximum contribution base of not more than 15,000 baht. If the insured earns an average salary of 10,000 baht, he/she will receive 5,000 baht per month.
- In the case of resignation or termination of the employment contract within the specified period:
The insured will receive compensation during unemployment for no more than 90 days per year at a rate of 30 percent of the average wage.
It is calculated from the minimum contribution base of 1,650 baht per month and the maximum contribution base of not more than 15,000 baht. For example, an insured person with an average salary of 10,000 baht will receive 3,000 baht per month.
- In the case of applying for unemployment compensation more than 1 time within 1 calendar year:
The insured is entitled to receive compensation every time a total of not more than 180 days, but in the case of applying for unemployment benefits due to resignation or the termination of the employment contract more than 1 time within 1 calendar year, the total amount of compensation shall not exceed 90 days.
Required Documents for Unemployment Benefits Claim
- Application form for unemployment benefits.
- Certificate of resignation or a copy of the insured’s resignation form
- Employment Cessation Letter (if applicable)
- Certificate of claim for unemployment benefits due to force majeure (If the cause of being unemployment is due to force majeure.
- A copy of the first page of savings bank passbook with the name and account number of the insured as follows:
- 1) Krung Thai Bank Public Company Limited
- 2) Bank of Ayudhya Public Company Limited
- 3) Bangkok Bank Public Company Limited
- 4) Siam Commercial Bank Public Company Limited
- 5) Kasikorn Bank Public Company Limited
- 6) Thai Military Bank Public Company Limited
- 7) Thanachart Bank Public Company Limited
- 8) CIMB Thai Bank Public Company Limited
- 9) Islamic Bank of Thailand
- 10) Government Savings Bank
- 11) Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC)
Place of Submission for Unemployment Benefits Claim
1. The insured must register as unemployed and report via www.empui.doc.go.th of the government employment office within 30 days from the date of termination or resignation. The beneficiary must report as scheduled in order not to lose the right to receive compensation
2. The insured must submit an application for unemployment benefits at the Social Security Office in Bangkok area or any provincial social security offices and branches nationwide (except the head office in the area of the Ministry of Public Health).
For more information, call the hotline 1694 during business days and hours, 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Compensation benefits in all cases, when eligible, must file a claim within 2 years, except in the case of unemployment, the insured must apply for unemployment registration at the state employment office.
Claims must be filed within 30 days after termination of employment or resignation. If the claims are submitted more than 30 days, the claims will be considered null and void, hence the right to receive unemployment benefits will be forfeited.